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Suffolk Center for Speech

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Differences Between Language Disorders

Language Characteristics of Speech Language Impairment (SLI):

  • Difficulty learning language rules – extracting regularities from language
    • Formation of morphological and phonological rules in language (word endings and sound combinations)
  • Decreased vocabulary development
  • Difficulty understanding different contexts for language and constructing word associations for vocabulary growth.

Language Characteristics of Children with Language Learning Disability (LLD)

  • Understanding and utilizing language rules is particularly difficult – interferes with the development of complexity of sentences and language.
  • Problems with morphological markers such as omission of necessary word endings – in both spoken and written modality
  • Word-finding and retrieval problems in both conversations and narratives – leads to frequent communicative breakdowns.
  • Overall oral language development may be deficient compared to peers.
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