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Suffolk Center for Speech


What is Aphasia?

Aphasia results from damage to the parts of the brain that are responsible for language. Aphasia can affect expressive language, reading and writing, and understanding language. The most common cause of aphasia is stroke. Additionally, aphasia could be caused by a traumatic brain injury or a neurological disorder.

What are the different types of aphasia?
There are two categories of aphasia; fluent and non-fluent. Wernicke’s aphasia is a type of fluent aphasia. People with Wernicke’s aphasia may speak in long sentences, however, they may add words or phrases to their sentences that make them hard to understand. Someone with this type of aphasia is usually unaware of their deficits. Someone with Broca’s aphasia may experience the opposite, where they understand their deficits and know what they want to say, however, have difficulty articulating themselves. This is a type of non-fluent aphasia. Lastly, someone with Global aphasia may have difficulty in all areas of language including understanding language and expressing themselves.

Reference: https://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/aphasia#:~:text=There%20are%20two%20broad%20categories,common%20type%20of%20fluent%20aphasia

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